Cybersecurity risk management requires having the right leadership and governance in place, and within that structure lies the shifting role of the chief information security officer and its reporting lines. With input from CISOs, executive search experts and attorneys this article series provides insight into the most effective approaches to recruiting, compensating and structuring cybersecurity leadership roles. This second article in the series explains the problems with the current dominant CISO reporting structure and offers experts’ advice on effective governance as well as alternatives for companies that are not finding or cannot compensate a technical expert with executive-level experience. Part one covered how to find and compensate individuals for the multi-faceted cyber leadership role. “There’s a lot changing in the way people think about the CISO. There is a pretty fast-evolving set of responsibilities and reporting structure, especially given the increasing [attention to] security by the board of directors and others charged with the fiduciary responsibility of protecting a company,” Hertz CISO Peter Nicoletti told the Cybersecurity Law Report. See also our two-part series about the roles of the CISO and CPO, “Establishing Strong Cybersecurity and Data Privacy Leadership: The Roles of the Chief Information Security Officer and Chief Privacy Officer (Part One of Two)” (May 6, 2015); Part Two (May 20, 2015).