The Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights has laid out new criteria for national courts to consider when evaluating whether companies have safeguarded employees’ right to privacy. The court sided with an employee who claimed his privacy rights were violated when his messages were recorded. In light of this decision, some companies operating in the 47 member states may want to revisit their policies on monitoring communications, experts told the Cybersecurity Law Report. We analyze the implications of the decision and how it aligns with other national laws. See “Effective and Compliant Employee Monitoring (Part One of Two)” (Apr. 5, 2017); Part Two (Apr. 19, 2017).